Everything about the LIFE FRONT


LIFE FRONT: Flammable Refrigerant Options for Natural Technologies
– Improved standards & product design for their safe use (FRONT)

LIFE FRONT is a demonstration project with best-practice elements, combining two main objectives under the EU’s Climate Action – Climate Change Mitigation 2016 priority area. The project is funded under LIFE, the EU’s financial instrument supporting environmental, nature conservation and climate action projects throughout the bloc.

The project aims to:

Remove “barriers posed by standards” for flammable refrigerants in RACHP applications.

Increase the “availability of suitable alternatives” in RACHP applications, by improving system design to address flammability risk and encourage the use of climate-friendly alternatives to fluorinated gases.

The project will result in Europe’s largest leakage size and simulation database for equipment using flammable refrigerants, as well as testing of different configurations of equipment with increased refrigerant charge to determine to which extent is safe to operate with bigger amounts of flammable refrigerants.


Support the EU and international standardisation process for flammable refrigerants, through review of existing and drafting of new standards requirements and involvement in standardisation actions and bodies

Reduce safety risks from improved system design for air-conditioning, refrigeration and heat pump applications using flammable refrigerants, through theoretical and applied research

Engage in technology capacity-building for EU equipment manufacturers using or planning to use flammable refrigerants, through a Standards Action Group and sector-specific best practice manuals

Remove non-technological knowledge barriers across relevant European groups, through general awareness-raising and stakeholder dialogue

Improve Europe’s competitiveness for RACHP equipment using non-fluorinated refrigerant alternatives

Support an effective and timely achievement of the EU 2030 climate targets, namely through the F-Gas Regulation, Ecodesign Directive, Renewable Energy Directive and other legislative instruments for the reduction of fluorinated gases, the use of renewable energy, the reduction of energy consumption

Work Packages

Work Package 1

Project Management: Monitoring of Impact of Project Actions, and Organization & Reporting

Work Package 2

Communication & Dissemination

Work Package 3

Literature Review & Market Study: Standards & Technology for Flammable Refrigerants

Work Package 4

Leak Analysis, Gas Concentrations & Consequences

Work Package 5

Improved Product Safety Design & Risk Assessment

Work Package 6

Standardisation Action & Capacity-Building

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